All the vineyards are planted on their own root systems. The wines produced by Cousiño Macul are made from 9 varieties: Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Syrah, Cabernet Franc, Petit Verdot, Chardonnay, Sauvignon Gris, Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling. Over 60% of our production is red wine.
Vines for new plantings come from missal selections carried out in our own nurseries, for a period of 10 years. This selection has allowed the preservation of a unique genetic material of great value that was originally brought to Chile by Luis Cousiño in 1860. Including varieties of Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot from the Paullac region in Haunt Medoc, Chardonnay from Burgundy and Sauvignon Vert and Semillon from Martillac in Graves.
To make world-class wine, grapes of the highest quality are required. With this in mind, the team in charge of managing our vineyard has to pay utmost attention to every detail. Opportunity, knowledge and experience are key: vineyard management requires a series of technical procedures that must be performed at specific times throughout the year.
Our agricultural practices are consistent with the concept of “sustainable agriculture” or “minimal intervention management”, which allows us to reduce and, in many instances, completely eliminate the use of any chemicals.
The Maipo Valley
What does the Maipo Valley have that makes it so different from the rest of the denominations in Chile? The presence of the Andes mountain range has an important influence on the Maipo vineyards, causing lower temperatures during the ripening period of the grapes. The cool breezes that come down from the slopes of the mountain prevent, in some varieties, an excess in the concentration of sugars in their clusters. The vineyards near the Cordillera de los Andes have soils composed of fluvial sediments, volcanic ash and other compounds that are key to the personality of Cabernet Sauvignon. The plants grow with moderate vigor, small clusters and concentrates, the ideal characteristics that give life to the great Chilean reds based on the Cabernet, some of them of world-wide fame.
One of the great challenges is to get the wines to identify with the place where they come from and differentiate it from other wines, which are more and more similar. That is the greatest recognition that can be achieved, beyond marketing, rankings or international medals. Not many wines express terroir. Around the world the regions that best manifest their contributions are: Burgundy, the Rhone, Piedmont and Priorat in Spain. In our country, the Alto Maipo, an area closer to the mountain range in the valley of the same name, has managed to express the Cabernet Sauvignon in a unique way.